Dr. Xiaoming Li (PI) and Dr. Bankole Olatosi (PI), in collaboration with Dr. Jianjun Hu, Dr. Sharon Weissman, and Dr. Jiajia Zhang, have secured an NIH project titled, “Big Data Analytics of HIV Treatment Gaps in South Carolina: Identification and Prediction” which is funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). The purpose of this study is to use novel machine learning techniques such as deep learning using neural networks to further explore, identify, characterize, and explain predictors of missed opportunities for HIV medical care utilization among all living HIV+ individuals in South Carolina. The public health prevention value that HIV treatment brings includes improved survival and outcomes of care among HIV+ individuals as well as reduced HIV transmission. These important components form part of the overall strategy for fighting and controlling the HIV epidemic in the United States. Using state-level CD4 and Viral Load testing data available for all SC HIV+ individuals since 2004, the study will link inpatient and outpatient claims data sources and data from the state corrections database to create a unique population-based dataset spanning 10 years (2004-2013). Advanced big data analytical techniques such as artificial neural networks, automated cluster analysis and decision tree analyses will be used to create person level profile patterns of health utilization behaviors and for identifying best predictors of linkage and retention in HIV medical care.
Each year CHQ invites applicants to participant in its Junior Scholar Program, which is designed to promote early exposure of graduate students across various colleges and schools at the University of South Carolina. The purpose of the program is to advance research training and cultivate research interests for full-time doctoral students. Accepted students develop a one-on-one mentoring relationship with a CHQ faculty member and receive a supplementary stipend to participate in a scientific conference or to publish research findings. Two Junior Scholars from the 2016-2017 cohort, Keith Brazendale (pictured left) and Queenie Li (pictured right), were recently recognized for their research. Keith presented his project titled, “Physical Activity Counseling in Pediatric Primary Care: A Narrative Review” during the 2017 Childhood Obesity Conference in San Diego, CA. Queenie’s project titled, “Changing minds through communications: Utilization of theory to enhance village doctors’ willingness to treat people living with HIV/AIDS in rural China” was recently accepted for presentation at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA) held in November.
Dr. Sayward Harrison will be presenting two posters at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA), which will be held in Atlanta, Georgia in November. The first poster, “Improving Resilience for Children affected by HIV in China: School-based outcomes of the ChildCARE Intervention at 24-, 30-, and 36-months“, will provide results from an NIH-funded study of a resilience-based intervention for children affected by parental HIV. The second poster, “Implementing Diet and Nutrition Recommendations in Pediatric Primary Care: Challenges and Opportunities” is from a project funded by an ASPIRE grant from the University of South Carolina and seeks to understand how primary care providers are integrating obesity prevention into their practices.
Dr. LaDrea Ingram is a social behavioral scientist and community health educator. She earned her doctoral degree in Health Education & Behavioral Studies from Columbia University, Teachers College. She received a Master of Arts in Government with a concentration in social policy from Johns Hopkins University and a Master of Science in Health and Medical Policy from George Mason University. Her primary research interests include psychosocial determinates of health and health disparities. While at CHQ, LaDrea will focus her research on the cultural and social manifestations of HIV stigma in the Deep South.
Based on a disclosure dataset collected in Guangxi, China, Dr. Guangyu Zhou, in collaboration with Dr. Xiaoming Li and Dr. Shan Qiao, has developed three HIV research manuscripts which were recently accepted by peer-reviewed journals. Two of the studies explored psychosocial mechanisms of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and implied potential approaches to improve medication adherence. These studies were published online in AIDS and Behavior and AIDS Care respectively. In another study, the authors confirmed that HIV symptom management self-efficacy buffered the negative effects of internalized stigma on quality of life among people living with HIV. This study was accepted by the Journal of Health Psychology and will be published online soon.
1) Zhou, G. Li, X. Qiao, S. Zhou, Y. Shen, Z. (in press). Psychological and behavioral barriers to ART adherence among PLWH in China: Role of self-efficacy. AIDS Care, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2017.1327648
2) Zhou, G. Li, X. Qiao, Shen, Z, Zhou, Y. (in press). Influence of Side Effects on ART Adherence Among PLWH in China: The Moderator Role of ART-Related Knowledge. AIDS and Behavior, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-017-1791-9
3) Zhou Guangyu, Li Xiaoming, Qiao Shan, Shen Zhiyong, Zhou Yuejiao (in press). HIV symptom management self-efficacy mediates the relationship of internalized stigma and quality of life among PLHIV in China. Journal of Health Psychology
Members from the SC Center for Healthcare Quality, including core faculty Dr. Xiaoming Li, Dr. Shan Qiao, and Dr. Sayward Harrison and PhD students Yanping Jiang and Wendi Da, visited Henan University in China to participate in the Third International Symposium on Health and Development of Vulnerable Children from May 19-21, 2017. Dr. Harrision, as the keynote speaker, gave a presentation titled, “Evaluation of long-term effects of ChildCARE intervention in Henan, China.” Ms. Jiang also presented her research on how psychological resources buffer the impact of emotional distress on health among children affected by parental HIV.